Definition, Functions & Benefits of UBUNTU Software

Hello, Alain Gonza loyal readers, Come back with us to discuss panduan dominoqq computer software. On this occasion, we will discuss one linux software that has several interesting functions, namely the UBUNTU software. What is UBUNTU? UBUNTU is an operating system and distribution from Linux based on Debian which you can get for free. Ubuntu is built on the Debian infrastructure and consists of servers, desktops, and the Linux operating system.

Since the launch of this software, UBUNTU is quite favorite and widely used by people because this operating system is very easy to install and easy to use. Then this software also has a desktop environment with a Unity desktop environment. The search tools provided are also very fast covering applications such as audio players, video players, and social media. Apart from Unity, UBUNTU also has other environments such as GNOME, XFCE, MATE, KDE, and LXDE. There are also some more specific versions of Ubuntu.

Some of you may not understand why an operating system as good as Ubuntu can be obtained for free? Actually there is a reason and the reason is that the Ubuntu company is managed and supported by funds from a large company called Canonical. Canonical itself is moving by means of commercial support that they offer to several companies to use Ubuntu. In addition, this company is also responsible for updating the latest version of Ubuntu every six months.

Reasons for Using UBUNTU Software

For those of you who don’t know why you should choose Ubuntu and what are the advantages? Here we will give some reasons for choosing Ubuntu software over other software:

  • Free
    The first reason you choose Ubuntu is FREE, so you don’t need to spend a budget to use Ubuntu software. You just need to download this software from Cannonical’s official website. Apart from being free, this software is also open-source so you can find a lot of source code and you can make system changes that are better and more comfortable to use.
  • Easy to use
    Some people think that the Linux software system is difficult to use and it is better to choose a windows based system, even though Ubuntu Linux is one of the systems that is very easy to use and quite friendly to anyone. Cannonical also always provides version updates to make the system easier and more practical to use. The fact is some Ubuntu users say that the system is easier than Ubuntu compared to windows based systems.
  • Safe to use
    Besides being easy to use, the Ubuntu system is also very safe to use and can be said to be free of viruses. Ubuntu is equipped with a firewall security system that is good enough to protect against viruses, you don’t even need to install an anti-virus anymore.
  • Easy to design
    Ubuntu is easy enough for users to design. There are lots of desktop environment options that you can use. You can even set the Ubuntu system to look like windows or any other operating system you want.
  • Get lots of features
    Through the Ubuntu operating system you can do many things through the features provided, starting from editing videos, editing documents, and much more.

Weakness Of Ubuntu System

Its name is also a free operating system, of course there are several drawbacks that you can find. Here are some of the weaknesses of the Ubuntu system:

  • It’s hard to use by ordinary people
    Ubuntu will be a little complicated for users of Windows-based systems, because the display is a little different from Windows. If you want to use the Windows design, you can, but you have to understand the ins and outs of the Ubuntu operating system more deeply.
  • Few games provided
    The games provided are still small when compared to Windows. Indeed, the problem of this game is not really considered because nowadays it has entered the shutter of online games.
  • Not too many applications
    There are fewer applications from Ubuntu if we compare it to the Windows / OS operating system. Indeed, for the matter of at least the application depends on the users themselves considering the needs of each user are different.

Types of UBUNTU Desktop Environment

For the Ubuntu operating system it has several different desktop environments, either based on usage or a certain theme. Here are some discussions about the types of desktop environments provided by Ubuntu:

  • Ubuntu GNOME
    This type of desktop environment is the default version of Ubuntu since 2017. The menu display on this type of desktop is almost the same as Mac OS X. Based on research by Ubuntu users, this desktop environment is the type most widely used and you are also you can find many videos and articles discussing this version on the Internet. However, there is one thing that you should pay attention to before using this type of desktop environment, namely your hardware specifications. Make sure you use RAM above 4GB.
  • Kubuntu
    Kubuntu is the KDE version of Ubuntu. The advantage of this type of desktop environment is its very easy setup options. You can change the modern look through this version in an easy way. The hardware specifications that you must have also don’t need to be too high, just 2GB of RAM can run Kubuntu smoothly without getting stuck.
  • Xubuntu
    Xubuntu is a desktop environment of type Xfce. This type is one of the oldest desktop environments and gives you basic design options. It looks less attractive, but you don’t need to have high hardware specifications. Enough with 1GB of RAM, you can use this desktop environment.
  • Lubuntu
    Actually, the Xubuntu and Lubuntu desktop environments are not much different, they are made with a simpler system. This version is relatively light and has a similar appearance to Windows XP.
  • Ubuntu Unity
    Prior to Ubuntu GNOME, Ubuntu Unity was made the default version of Ubuntu for the first time. The interface provided by Ubuntu Unity is also very good so you don’t need to change its appearance or reconfigure this system.

Those are some types of desktop environments that exist in Ubuntu. How? Are you interested? If you are interested, you can download the Ubuntu system via this link. This UBUNTU system is version 18.04 and you will get free support until April 2023. It is perfect for those of you who don’t like continuous software updates.

This is the information we share about the UBUNTU Linux Operating System. Hopefully add to your insight about operating system software and can answer your questions about UBUNTU. Keep up with other interesting information about UBUNTU and if you have further questions, you can immediately write your question in the comments column that has been provided. thanks.

How to Set or Change Timezone in Ubuntu Linux [Beginner’s Tip]

How to Set or Change Timezone in Ubuntu Linux [Beginner’s Tip]

When you install Ubuntu, it asks you to set timezone. If you chose a wrong timezone or if you have moved to some other part of the world, you can easily change it later.

How to change Timezone in Ubuntu and other Linux distributions

There are two ways to change the timezone in Ubuntu. You can use the graphical settings or use the timedatectl command in the terminal. You may also change the /etc/timezone file directly but I won’t advise that.

I’ll show you both graphical and terminal way in this beginner’s tutorial:

  • Change timezone in Ubuntu via GUI (suitable for desktop users)
  • Change timezone in Ubuntu via command line (works for both desktop and servers)

Method 1: Change Ubuntu timezone via terminal

Ubuntu or any other distributions using systemd can use the timedatectl command to set timezone in Linux terminal.

You can check the current date and timezone setting using timedatectl command without any option:

abhishek@nuc:~$ timedatectl 
                      Local time: Sat 2020-01-18 17:39:52 IST
                  Universal time: Sat 2020-01-18 12:09:52 UTC
                        RTC time: Sat 2020-01-18 12:09:52
                       Time zone: Asia/Kolkata (IST, +0530)
       System clock synchronized: yes
systemd-timesyncd.service active: yes
                 RTC in local TZ: no

As you can see in the output above, my system uses Asia/Kolkata. It also tells me that it is 5:30 hours ahead of GMT.

To set a timezone in Linux, you need to know the exact timezone. You must use the correct format of the timezone (which is Continent/City).

To get the timezone list, use the list-timezones option of timedatectl command:

timedatectl list-timezones

It will show you a huge list of the available time zones.

Timezones In Ubuntu
Timezones List

You can use the up and down arrow or PgUp and PgDown key to move between the pages.

You may also grep the output and search for your timezone. For example, if you are looking for time zones in Europe, you may use:

timedatectl list-timezones | grep -i europe

Let’s say you want to set the timezone to Paris. The timezone value to be used here is Europe/Paris:

timedatectl set-timezone Europe/Paris

It won’t show any success message but the timezone is changed instantly. You don’t need to restart or log.

Insights into Why Hyperbola GNU/Linux is Turning into Hyperbola BSD

Insights into Why Hyperbola GNU/Linux is Turning into Hyperbola BSD

In late December 2019, Hyperbola announced that they would be making major changes to their project. They have decided to drop the Linux kernel in favor of forking the OpenBSD kernel. This announcement only came months after Project Trident announced that they were going in the opposite direction (from BSD to Linux).

Hyperbola also plans to replace all software that is not GPL v3 compliant with new versions that are.

To get more insight into the future of their new project, I interviewed Andre, co-founder of Hyperbola.

Why Hyperbola GNU/Linux Turned into Hyperbola BSD

It’s FOSS: In your announcement, you state that the Linux kernel is “rapidly proceeding down an unstable path”. Could you explain what you mean by that?

Andre: First of all, it’s including the adaption of DRM features such as HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection). Currently there is an option to disable it at build time, however there isn’t a policy that guarantees us that it will be optional forever.

Historically, some features began as optional ones until they reached total functionality. Then they became forced and difficult to patch out. Even if this does not happen in the case of HDCP, we remain cautious about such implementations.

Another of the reasons is that the Linux kernel is no longer getting proper hardening. Grsecurity stopped offering public patches several years ago, and we depended on that for our system’s security. Although we could use their patches still for a very expensive subscription, the subscription would be terminated if we chose to make those patches public.

Such restrictions goes against the FSDG principles that require us to provide full source code, deblobbed, and unrestricted, to our users.

KSPP is a project that was intended to upstream Grsec into the kernel, but thus far it has not come close to reaching Grsec / PaX level of kernel hardening. There also has not been many recent developments, which leads us to believe it is now an inactive project for the most part.

Lastly, the interest in allowing Rust modules into the kernel are a problem for us, due to Rust trademark restrictions which prevent us from applying patches …

Zorin Grid Lets You Remotely Manage Multiple Zorin OS Computers

Zorin Grid Lets You Remotely Manage Multiple Zorin OS Computers

One of the major hurdles institutes face is in managing and updating multiple Linux systems from a central point.

Well, Zorin OS has come up with a new cloud-based tool that will help you manage multiple computers running Zorin OS from one single interface. You can update the systems, install apps and configuration all systems remotely using this tool called Zorin Grid.

Zorin Grid: Manage a fleet of Zorin OS computers remotely

Zorin Grid is a tool that makes it simple to set up, manage, and secure a fleet of Zorin OS-powered computers in businesses, schools, and organizations.

When it comes to managing Linux distributions (here, Zorin OS) on a multitude of systems for an organization – it is quite time-consuming.

If it will be easier to manage Linux systems, more organizations will be interested to switch using Linux just like the Italian city Vicenza replaced Windows by Zorin OS.

For the very same reason, the Zorin team decided to create ‘Zorin Grid‘ with the help of which every school, enterprises, organizations, and businesses will be able to easily manage their Zorin OS-powered machines.

Zorin Grid features

You might have guessed what it is capable of – but let me highlight the key features of Zorin Grid as per its official webpage:

  • Install and Remove Apps
  • Set software update and security patch policies
  • Monitor computer status
  • Enforce security policies
  • Keep track of software and hardware inventory
  • Set desktop settings
  • Organize computers into groups (for teams and departments)
  • Role-based access control and audit logging

In addition to these, you will be able to do a couple more things using the Zorin Grid service. But, it looks like most of the essential tasks will be covered by Zorin Grid.

How does Zorin Grid work?

Zorin Grid is a cloud based software as a service. Zorin will be charging a monthly subscription fee for each computer managed by Zorin Grid in an organization.

You’ll have to install the Zorin Grid client on all the systems that you want to manage. Since it is cloud-based, you can manage all the Zorin systems on your grid from a …

Root User in Ubuntu: Important Things You Should Know

Root User in Ubuntu: Important Things You Should Know

When you have just started using Linux, you’ll find many things that are different from Windows. One of those ‘different things’ is the concept of the root user.

In this beginner series, I’ll explain a few important things about the root user in Ubuntu.

Please keep in mind that while I am writing this from Ubuntu user’s perspective, it should be valid for most Linux distributions.

You’ll learn the following in this article:

  • Why root user is disabled in Ubuntu
  • Using commands as root
  • Switch to root user
  • Unlock the root user

What is root user? Why is it locked in Ubuntu?

In Linux, there is always a super user called root. This is the super admin account that can do anything and everything with the system. It can access any file and run any command on your Linux system.

With great power comes great responsibility. Root user gives you complete power over the system and hence it should be used with great cautious. Root user can access system files and run commands to make changes to the system configuration. And hence, an incorrect command may destroy the system.

This is why Ubuntu and other Ubuntu-based distributions lock the root user by default to save you from accidental disasters.

You don’t need to have root privilege for your daily tasks like moving file in your home directory, downloading files from internet, creating documents etc.

Take this analogy for understanding it better. If you have to cut a fruit, you use a kitchen knife. If you have to cut down a tree, you have to use a saw. Now, you may use the saw to cut fruits but that’s not wise, is it?

Does this mean that you cannot be root in Ubuntu or use the system with root privileges? No, you can still have root access with the help of ‘sudo’ (explained in the next section).

Bottom line:
Root user is too powerful to be used for regular tasks. This is why it is not recommended to use root all the time. You can still run specific commands with root.

How to run commands as root user in Ubuntu?

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